The paper presents the current status of the counseling services in Europe. The attempt to compare the
development in the various countries is not an easy undertaking because the institutional and
professional structures are differing from country to country. It is questionable whether they do converge
to common professional standards, or not. This refers to East-West differences as well as to differences
between countries with different welfare states or neo-liberal regulation models, or to differences due to
existing national professional protection zones. The existence of many different academic and noneacademic
,schools' may become an obstacle of the spread of a clear-cut practical concept of counseling.
However, the question is whether we need a ,fullly professional' approach in the helping services.