TECHICAL Series MATHEMATICS • INFORMATICS • PHYSICS Series PHILOLOGY Series ECONOMIC SCIENCES Sereies EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES Series LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Series
Canonical Exemplarity in Giles of Rome's De Renunciatione Pape
(Exemplaritatea canonică în De renunciatione pape de Aegidius Romanus)
Vol LXI • No. 2/2009
Valentina Covaci
Universiteit Utrecht, Bestuursgebouw, Heidelberglaan 8, 3584 CS Utrecht
e-mail: ssu@upg-ploiesti.ro

 Keywords   history, Giles of Rome, theology.

 Abstract
This study addresses the problem of historical reasoning in Giles of Rome's De renunciatione pape. Giles of Rome, who was successively a master of theology at the University of Paris, prior general of the Augustinian Order, and archbishop of Bourges, is considered an outstanding figure among political thinkers of the Latin Middle Ages. This tract was written during Boniface VIII's pontificate and was meant to uphold his view of an imperialized papacy. It has been researched by modern scholarship from different standpoints but the aspect of historical argument in Giles' political writing was rather neglected. In this study I examine this particular topic. I analyze the historical argument in the aforementioned work in the particular circumstance of historical exemplarity. I focus on the historical exempla which Giles of Rome used to give the strength of precedent to political models which suited his papalist purposes. Thus, I refer to three types of exempla: biblical, Christian and canonical. The conclusion is that Giles of Rome used the power of tradition inherent to the exempla which he introduced in his tracts, to justify the sovereign claims of the papal monarchy. This allowed him to defend Boniface VIII's hierocratic claims, contested by his adversaries, by anchoring them in the history of papal institution. Justified by precedent they could not be the dangerous novelties of a heretical pope.

 Rezumat
Acest studiu este dedicat analizei argumentelor istorice, pe care Aegidius Romanus le-a folosit în tratatul său De renunciatione pape. Aegidius Romanus, profesor de teologie la Universitatea din Paris, prior general al Ordinului călugărilor augustini şi arhiepiscop de Bourges este considerat unul dintre cei mai importanţi gânditori politici din Evul Mediu latin. Tratatul De renunciatione pape a fost scris în timpul pontificatului lui Bonifaciu al VIII-lea, fiind menit să susţină pretenţiile imperiale ale puterii papale. În acest studiu m-am concentrat asupra folosirii exempla în acest tratat. Recurgând la aceste exempla, Aegidius Romanus a reuşit să susţină paradigma puterii imperiale a Bisericii prin recurgerea la argumentele oferite de trecutul istoric. Invocând exempla unor papi din trecut, ale căror pontificate au arătat că papa acţiona mereu doar din proprie voinţă, neputând fi constrâns, autorul îl susţinea pe Bonifaciu al VIII-lea, oferindu-i sprijinul precedentului, pentru justificarea acţiunilor sale şi a modelului de guvernământ teocratic urmat de pontif.



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