TECHICAL Series MATHEMATICS • INFORMATICS • PHYSICS Series PHILOLOGY Series ECONOMIC SCIENCES Sereies EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES Series LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Series
Environmental Management in a Life Cycle Perspective. Study case: Shipping Industry and Shipyards Activities
(Management de mediu din perspectiva ciclului de viaţă. Studiu de caz: Activităţile din transportul maritim şi din şantierele navale)
Vol LXII • No. 3A/2010
Florin Nicolae, Adrian Popa, Marian Ristea
Academia Navală "Mircea cel Bătrân", Str. Fulgerului 1, Constanţa
e-mail: nicolae_florin_m @yahoo.com

 Keywords   environmental management, Romanian shipping industry, LCA.

 Abstract
The paper addresses the environmental standards, especially the standards on environmental management, life cycle assessment and environmental performance evaluation. It presents examples of how ISO 14000 was implemented in Romanian shipping and shipbuilding. The holistic view and life cycle approach were essential to this research program. The environmental effects related to construction, operation and maintenance of ships were evaluated, and the results were presented by means of environmental performance indicators. The indicators were placed in a three-tier informational structure. Finally, it was demonstrated how the use of ISO 14000 as a complement to ISM can focus the shipping companies, strategic efforts on areas which may yield the biggest economic returns for the future.

 Rezumat
Lucrarea abordează problema standardelor de mediu şi în special pe cea a standardelor de management de mediu, de evaluare a ciclului de viaţă şi de evaluare a performanţei de mediu. Lucrarea prezintă modalitatea de implementare a standardului ISO 14000 în transporturile maritime şi construcţiile navale româneşti. Viziunea holistică şi abordarea din perspectiva ciclului de viaţă au fost esenţiale pentru acest program de cercetare. În lucrare sunt evaluate efectele asupra mediului referitoare la construcţia, exploatarea şi întreţinerea navelor, iar rezultatele sunt prezentate prin intermediul indicatorilor de performanţă. Indicatorii au fost ierarhizaţi într-o structură informaţională pe trei nivele. În cele din urmă este demonstrat că utilizarea standardului ISO 14000, ca o completare a codului ISM, conduce, în cazul companiilor de transport maritim, prin eforturi strategice susţinute, la rentabilitate economică.



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