The Chamber Law from April 1864 is one of those laws that reformed the Romanian society after Moldavia and The Romanian Country unified in the year 1859 under the reign of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. This law introduces administrative unities, specific terms and incumbencies such as: commune, village, hamlet, mayor, town hall, terms that are still used nowadays.
The law is characterized by efficiency, pragmatism, flexibility and realism. It contributes to the administrative modernization of the local Romanians by aligning it to the democratic principles of the time. In this law, the influence of the French law is evident. This law is followed immediately by the Council Department law