TECHICAL Series MATHEMATICS • INFORMATICS • PHYSICS Series PHILOLOGY Series ECONOMIC SCIENCES Sereies EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES Series LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Series
Private Ownership Acquisitions Mode
(Modurile de dobândire a dreptului de proprietate privată)
Vol I (LXV) • No. 2/2014
Dragoș Rădulescu
Universitatea Petrol şi Gaze din Ploieşti
e-mail: dragosradulescu@hotmail.com

 Keywords   ownership, right, private, public, recovery

 Abstract
Regarding private property, Article 555 of the Civil Code defines the ownership right as the possibility of the holder to own, use and dispose of a good exclusively, perpetually and absolutely, in their own interest. Of course that objects of private property rights1 are only private assets that do not belong to public property, as well as those which are the subject of special provisions because of their importance, such as drugs. However, even territorial administrative units can have assets in private property, together with natural or legal persons of private law.
As attributes of the right of private property we mention the possession2, use, and disposal thereof. Possession can be identified with the possibility of the right holder to directly and immediately manage the asset, in their interest. Use refers to the ability of the right holder to use and exploit their asset or not, in their own interest, and disposal, be it physical or legal, assumes legal disposition over the substance of this good through consumption or processing.
On the other hand, the legal characteristics of the right to private property are represented by its absolute, exclusive, and perpetual nature. The absolute character is determined by bringing together in the same person of the three attributes of law described above. The exclusive nature allows the holder of the right to solely exercise the attributes of his entitlement, all other persons being bound not to do anything that might undermine this right. In addition, the ownership right can never be lost through disuse or the death of the right holder, as it is not limited in duration. This does not mean, however, that the ownership is not limited in its content, the law or the Convention of parties bringing some restrictions in its pursuit. From the point of view of these limits, the legal ones may be in the public interest, represented by the administrative, cultural, economic or fiscal interest or in the private interest, hereinafter referred to as easements.

 Rezumat
În privinţa proprietăţii private, art.555 din Codul civil o defineste ca un drept acordat titularului de a poseda, folosi şi dispune în mod exclusiv, perpetuu şi absolut un bun. Dreptului de proprietate privată cuprinde numai bunurile ce nu aparţin proprietăţii publice, insă, chiar şi unităţile administrative pot avea bunuri în proprietate privată. Atributele dreptului de proprietate privată sunt posesia, folosinţa şi dispoziţia. Posesia inseamna posibilitatea titularului dreptului de a stăpânii direct şi nemijlocit bunul, în interesul său. Folosinţa reprezintă posibilitatea titularului dreptului de proprietate de a uza şi exploata sau nu bunul său în propriul interes, iar dispoziţia, fie materială fie juridică presupune dispunerea asupra substanţei acestui bun prin consumare sau transformare. Caracterele juridice ale dreptului de proprietate sunt reprezentate de caracterul absolut, exclusiv şi perpetuu. Caracterul absolut este determinat de reunirea în aceeaşi persoană a celor trei atribute ale dreptului prezentate mai sus. Caracterul exclusiv permite titularului dreptului să exercite singur atributele dreptului, toate celelalte persoane fiind obligate să nu facă nimic ce ar putea aduce atingere acestui drept. În plus, dreptul de proprietate nu se poate pierde prin neîntrebuinţare, prin moartea titularului, nefiind limitat ca întindere în timp. Ingradirile dreptului sunt cele de interes public, reprezentate de interesul administrativ, cultural, economic sau fiscal şi legale de interes privat, denumite servituţi.

Journal INFO (ISSN 2360-4026)
Vol IV (LXVIII) • No. 1/2017
Vol III(LXVII) • No. 2/2016
Vol III(LXVII) • No. 1/2016
Vol II (LXVI) • No. 2/2015
Vol II (LXVI) • No. 1/2015
Vol I (LXV) • No. 2/2014
Vol I (LXV) • No. 1/2014
Journal INFO (ISSN 1841-8795) - OLD
Vol LXIV • No. 2/2013
Vol LXIV • No. 1/2013
Vol LXIII • No. 1/2011
Vol LXII • No. 2/2010
Vol LXII • No. 1/2010
Vol LXI • No. 2/2009
Vol LXI • No. 1/2009
Vol LX • No. 2/2008
Vol LX • No. 1/2008
Vol LIX • No. 2/2007
Vol LIX • No. 1/2007
Vol LVIII • No. 2/2006
Vol LVIII • No. 1/2006
Signup
Forgot Password
  © copyright 2006 Universitatea Petrol - Gaze din Ploiesti