The amnesty comes from the practical need to stop the conflict, to ensure and maintain the transition from a military regime to a democratic government. The groups responsible for international crimes cannot be forced to cease hostilities or cede power if, as a result, will be threatened with life imprisonment. In this situation, amnesties can be viewed as the price of escaping tyrants and their associates. They are considered as one of the techniques to end the civil war and allow a transition from authoritarian rule to a democratic government. Otherwise, the launch of such investigations would be a real political suicide.
However, a state of exception cannot be an excuse for the complete abdication of grave crimes’ investigation. An automatic amnesty for all the offenders can become, finally, contrary to its purpose