This work represents a description of the manner in which state and culture can connect. I emphasized four main manners in which this relation can occur. These four types were named starting from the state’s political form. Thus, these four types of state are: the facilitator state, the patron state, the architect state and the engineer state. In each type of state, culture receives another role and importance. Regardless of the type of state, it presupposes both advantages and disadvantages. In my article, I have selected some of these. Finally, I referred to the present situation of the Romanian culture and possible perspectives of understanding culture in the contemporary society.