TECHICAL Series MATHEMATICS • INFORMATICS • PHYSICS Series PHILOLOGY Series ECONOMIC SCIENCES Sereies EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES Series LAW AND SOCIAL SCIENCES Series
Biometrics ? issues regarding automated system for identification of a person
(Metodele biometrice ? aspecte privind sistemele automate de identificare a persoanei e-mail: alorentz@upg-ploieşti.ro ** S.C. SEEKTRON S.A PLOIESTI)
Vol LIX • No. 4/2007
Adrian Lorentz*, Nicolae Paraschiv*, Toader Melinte**
* Universitatea Petrol-Gaze din Ploieşti, Bd. Bucureşti 39, Ploieşti,
e-mail: alorentz@upg-ploieşti.ro
** S.C. SEEKTRON S.A PLOIESTI

 Keywords   system, biometrics, security, automatic, recognition

 Abstract
For centuries humanity has recognized that some physiological and/or behavioral traits (such as face or voice) are distinct from person to person, reason why these traits have been used in identification processes. There are archaeological evidences to demonstrate that individuality of fingerprint impressions were recognized by the ancient civilizations. Nowadays there are countries where a large segment of the population is illiterate (such as India) and thumbprint impression is considered a legal signature instead handwritten signature. This paper presents some aspects and results regarding the design of biometric systems, how does it work in conjunction with applications and legal/privacy issues.

 Rezumat
Lucrarea prezintă unele aspecte privind metodele biometrice de identificare automată a persoanei. După o evidenţiere a celor mai utilizate dintre aceste metode (recunoaşterea facială, amprenta digitală, recunoaşterea bazată pe retină şi iris) se prezintă modele generice ale modulelor esenţiale dintr-un sistem automat de identificare: înregistrare, verificare şi recunoaştere. Totodată, sunt prezentate o serie de aspecte vizând proiectarea sistemelor automate de identiticare, modul de selecţie a unei metode biometrice şi domeniile principale de aplicabilitate. Într-o manieră succintă sunt abordate şi o serie de probleme de natură juridică, privind protecţia datelor cu caracter privat relativ la persoană şi intimitatea acesteia.



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