In the past a great part of the penal doctrine considered that the juridical person, being fiction, couldn't commit criminal offence because " it doesn't have will or liberty, being unable to commit an illicit fact and it can't go to prison?. The actual legislator, due to the modern legislation (The French Penal Code in art. 121-122 " the juridical persons ?have criminal liability ?for the offences??, Belgium's Penal Code in art. 5 paragraph 1? any juridical person has criminal liability for the offences ??, the Dutch Penal Code in art. 51 paragraph 1 shows that the offences can be commited by individuals or juridical persons). Expands the criminal liability to the juridical person, too, both commercial societies and in the case of other juridical persons of private law as the associations, foundations, autonomous state ? owned companies. The basis of the criminal liability of the juridical person is that the criminal offence facts of their so ? called employeės, collective body of leadership, etc. benefits from the juridical person which they represent, growing its patrimony or making fraudlously an image of power and solidity to the prejudice of other honest juridical persons.